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bullet  Evaluation of Phytoremediation for Management of Chlorinated Solvents in Soil and Groundwater

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This document is intended to aid regulators, site owners, consultants, neighbors, and other stakeholders in understanding the proper application of planted systems to remediate groundwater contaminated with halogenated solvents. It assumes a familiarity with environmental and regulatory processes, in general, but little knowledge of plant-based, or "phytoremediation," technologies. The document is not intended as regulatory guidance, but as an aid to understanding of the mechanisms of how plants detoxify certain compounds under certain conditions.

bullet  Phytoremediation Bibliography     Updated!

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Print Version of Full Bibliography with Abstracts (approx. 150 pages)
Print Version of Full Bibliography without Abstracts (approx. 120 pages)

This comprehensive bibliography contains 1,988 citations on phytoremediation or closely related subjects, and includes peer-reviewed journal articles, presentations and posters from conferences, book chapters, and articles from newspapers and magazines. Inevitably some of the information is redundant, and some literature might have been missed. This list will be updated quarterly to add new information and to make corrections. Corrections, deletions, and additions may be sent to Steve Rock (, Bruce Pivetz (, or by leaving a Comment for the RTDF Webmaster.

bullet  TPH Subgroup Phytoremediation Field Trials: Results and Preliminary Conclusions

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These materials were presented by Dr. Peter Kulakow of Kansas State University at the International Applied Phytotechnologies Conference on March 5, 2003.

bullet   Alternative Cover Assessment Program Documents, Field Sites, and Site-Specific Data

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The goal of the Alternative Cover Assessment Program (ACAP) is the development of field-scale performance data for landfill final cover systems. Both prescriptive (RCRA) and innovative alternative cover designs are currently being tested in the project. ACAP is part of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) - National Risk Management Research Laboratory's (NRMRL) Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation (SITE) Program established to promote the development of new and innovative technologies used to address hazardous waste problems.

bullet   Annual Report of the RTDF Phytoremediation Action Team - TPH Subgroup: Cooperative Field Trials (March 2000)

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The Total Petroleum Hyrdocarbons (TPH) Subgroup of the RTDF Phytoremediation Action Team initiated cooperative trials to test the use of vegetation to enhance treatment of surface soils contaminated with weathered petroleum hydrocarbons. Collaborators include PERF (Petroleum Environmental Research Forum), U.S. EPA, U.S. DoD, major petroleum and energy corporations, environmental consultants, and universities. This report summarizes the experimental procedures and initial conditions at 11 trial locations that will be monitored for three growing seasons. A primary purpose of the RTDF trials is to collect data that will help site managers and regulatory officials evaluate the potential of phytoremediation. This report also summarizes some of the regulatory issues that were raised in obtaining approvals to conduct the trials. Future reports will analyze the influence of vegetation treatments on changes in TPH and PAH concentrations and hydrocarbon composition.

bullet   Phytoremediation of Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Soil Field Study Protocol   

View Protocol (Revised July 1999)
View/Download Plant Hydrocarbon Uptake Analysis Protocol (66K/PDF)

bullet  Phytoremediation of TCE in Groundwater using Populus   

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The purpose of this report is to briefly summarize the current state of phytoremediation technology, and then focus on the use of poplar trees (Populus sp.) to degrade trichloroethylene (TCE) in groundwater.

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Remediation Technologies Development Forum
Sponsored by the Technology Innovation Program

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